Equestrian Portrait of the Count-Duke of Olivares, 1634
The lovely equestrian portrait by Velazquez - believed by most art historians to be painted perhaps in celebration of a victory over the French at the border town of Fuenterrabía in 1638. In full armor and holding a baton, Count-Duke of Olivares is shown as a victorious commander. His horse holds a dressage position known as a levade. An engraving of Velazquez's painting was later made by Goya.
The plasticity of form of the equestrian group lends it an especially sculptural quality. With a remarkable skill, horse and rider alike seem almost modeled "in the round," an effect that makes the landscape appear that much lower down and farther away.